Sweet And Savory Tofu Eel Recipe

Asian faux foods can tickle your fancy when they successfully imitate their real counterparts in looks, texture and flavor. This rendition of Japanese unagi kabayaki is a clever copy. My inspiration came from the feast at Kuan Shih Yin vegetarian restaurant in Taipei. (Japan's influence on Taiwanese cuisine is a legacy of its fifty-year colonial history).

To impart a delicate, sealike flavor, the chefs mixed dried seaweed into the tofu mixture that formed the eel "flesh." That brininess is reinforced by the trip of nori that serves as the eel "skin." The sweet soy sauce glaze further echoes the real deal.

Serve this as a snack or present it atop a big, deep bowl of hot rice for a vegan unagi donburi.

Sweet And Savory Tofu Eel Recipe
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  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 2 1/2 teaspoons mirin
  • 3 tablespoons Japanese soy sauce
  • 2 full-size sheets toasted Nori
  • 1 pound firm tofu
  • 1/8 teaspoon salt
  • 2 pinches sugar
  • 1/2 teaspoon Japanese soy sauce
  • 2 teaspoons cornstarch
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons water
  • canola oil
  1. For the glaze, combine the sugar, mirin and soy sauce in a very small pan. Bring to a boil over medium-
high heat, stirring to dissolve the sugar. Let boil for about 
2 minutes, until tan foam appears on the surface.
  2. Lower the heat to vigorously simmer for 1 to 2 minutes, until slightly thickened. Set aside to cool completely. The finished glaze should be syrupy, with a strong salty sweetness. There should be 3 to 4 tablespoons.
  3. Use scissors to cut each sheet of nori in half lengthwise. Set aside 1 piece for the moment. Stack the remaining 3 pieces and cut them in half lengthwise to yield 6 strips that are roughly 2 inches wide and 8 inches long. Set them aside in a dry spot.
  4. Tear the reserved piece of nori into 3/4-inch pieces. Put them in a clean, dry spice grinder (or coffee grinder dedicated to spice grinding) and process into small flakes that resemble graphite. Don’t worry if they are not a fine size. Transfer to a small bowl and set aside.
  5. Break up the tofu into 6 to 8 chunks. Working in 
2 or 3 batches, put the tofu in a non-terry dishtowel or piece of muslin, then gather it up. Standing over a sink, firmly squeeze and massage. You want some moisture left in the tofu but you don’t want it wet. Unwrap and you should have about 11 ounces (roughly 11/3 cups packed). Transfer the tofu to a bowl.
  6. Use a potato masher to even out the texture of the tofu. Add the salt, sugar, soy sauce, 2 teaspoons of cornstarch and 1 brimming teaspoon of the seaweed flakes; discard or save leftover flakes for another use. Mash the mixture again to create a fairly smooth mixture. Divide the tofu mixture into 6 even portions.
  7. In a small bowl, dissolve the remaining 11/2 tablespoons cornstarch with the water. Set this “glue” and the tofu mixture aside.
  8. Put a nori strip on your work surface, rougher side facing up. Give the cornstarch slurry a stir, then brush it on the seaweed, taking care to cover the edges. Spread a portion of the tofu mixture over the seaweed. Do your best to even out the surface with your fingers, the flat side of the knife blade, or a wooden dowel rolling pin.
  9. Now use the spine of the knife to create a faux eel fillet. Lightly tap out shallow lines across the tofu mixture, working from one end to the other. Then, gently press the knife spine down the middle to evoke the backbone.
  10. Turn your knife over to its normal position, then halve the strip crosswise. Place the 2 strips on a parchment paper–lined baking sheet. Repeat with the remaining seaweed strips and tofu mixture. When done, cover loosely with a dishtowel to prevent drying.
  11. Heat 1/3 inch of oil in a medium skillet over medium-high heat to between 350° and 360°F. If you don’t have a deep-fry thermometer, gauge the oil temperature by sticking a dry bamboo chopstick into the oil; if bubbles rise immediately to the surface, the oil is ready. 
  12. Fry the strips 3 at a time, carefully laying each one, tofu side facing down, in the oil. The strip should initially sink, then quickly rise and raucously sizzle. The strip should slightly bend upward, as if it were arching toward you. Oil will naturally pool on the seaweed. Fry for about 2 minutes, until the tofu side is golden, crisp, and puffed up. Use two spatulas to turn the strips over. Fry the nori side for about 45 seconds, until taut and slightly crisp. Drain on paper towel, tofu side up. Return the oil to temperature between batches.
  13. The strips are good hot, warm, or at room temperature as long as they are somewhat crisp on the tofu side. To serve, cut each strip crosswise or on a steep diagonal into 3/4- to 1-inch-wide pieces. Arrange on a plate (or put atop a bowl of rice) and spoon or drizzle some of the glaze on top. You can also elect to drizzle the glaze on the strips before cutting and plating them. 
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